Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that affects millions of women worldwide. The condition causes enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges, which leads to hormonal imbalances.
PCOS also leads to various symptoms that can significantly impact a woman’s quality of life.
In this blog post, we will cover an overview of PCOS, its causes, diagnosis, and how to manage it effectively.
The exact cause of PCOS isn’t known. However, a consensus is that it is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Insulin resistance, inflammation, and hormonal imbalances (particularly elevated levels of androgens – they are all contributing factors. These imbalances lead to irregular menstrual cycles, excess body hair, acne, and difficulty conceiving.
PCOS is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and ultrasound.
Doctors look for early signs such as irregular periods, elevated androgen levels, and the appearance of polycystic ovaries in ultrasound imaging.
Note that a diagnosis of PCOS requires at least two of these three criteria to be present.
There is no cure for PCOS. That said, it can be effectively managed through medical treatments and lifestyle modifications.
Managing PCOS is a collaborative effort between the patient and the doctor. It’s important to work closely with a doctor to create a personalized treatment plan. Regular follow-ups and open communication with healthcare providers are equally important and can help ensure the best possible outcomes for women with PCOS.
Getting diagnosed with PCOS can feel overwhelming and scary even.
But with a clear understanding of the disorder, its causes, and effective management strategies, you can confidently take control of their health.
Talk to your doctor, learn more about this disorder, get on a treatment plan, and start improving your lifestyle.