If you’re noticing the symptoms of endometriosis, consult the best gynecologist in Kolkata. Get diagnosed and start the treatment plan, if needed, as early as possible.
Here are the six most frequently asked questions about endometriosis:
Endometriosis is a common gynecological condition affecting millions of women of childbearing age. It occurs when the tissue lining the uterus (called the endometrium) grows outside the uterus. Endometrial tissue can be found anywhere in the body.
The ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvic floor connective tissue are most commonly affected by endometriosis. Endometriosis can also affect other organs including the bowel, bladder, appendix, brain, and lung.
Possible explanations for the cause of endometriosis include retrograde menstruation, transformation of peritoneal cells, embryonic cell transformation, surgical scar implantation, and immune system dysfunction. However, that said, the exact cause of endometriosis is still not known.
Endometriosis can cause pain, often related to your menstrual cycle. Infertility is another big symptom of endometriosis.
You may have chronic pain in your lower back and pelvic area. Some women also experience pain during ovulation, pain during intercourse, intense menstrual cramps, constipation, bloating, or nausea, especially during menstrual periods.
The only way to diagnose endometriosis is through a minor surgical procedure called laparoscopy. The procedure involves looking inside your abdomen for patches of endometriosis. The doctor also might check whether scar tissue or adhesions are blocking your fallopian tubes or distorting your reproductive organs.
There are several stages of endometriosis. The stages are determined by the exact location, extent, and depth of the endometriosis implants along with several other factors.
The best treatment for endometriosis depends on your symptoms and whether you want to become pregnant.
Hormonal contraceptives — including birth control pills, patches, and vaginal rings — also can help regulate your period, reduce blood loss and ease the pain. However, endometriosis can lead to infertility. If you’re having trouble getting pregnant, talk with your doctor about other treatments that might help.
If you want to get pregnant, you might need a surgical procedure called laparoscopy. During this procedure, the doctor removes growths of endometrial tissue from outside of the uterus.
For some women with severe pain from endometriosis and no interest in fertility, hysterectomy with removal of the ovaries may be an option. This removes the source of estrogen and stops the menstrual cycle but requires careful consideration because it’s major surgery with risks and no guarantees that pain won’t return.
Connect with Dr. Vinita Khemani, the best gynecologist doctor in Kolkata, trusted by hundreds of women. Book your appointment today.